Microsurgical Instruments for Precision Surgery
Surgery has progressed from simple wound debridement to repairs of the smallest tissues. Before, injured blood vessels and nerves can no longer be repaired. The only recourse was to cut the damaged blood vessel and cauterize the ends to prevent hemorrhage. Damaged nerves were left to either heal or die on their own. With the advent of microsurgery, more health conditions are better treated, including the smallest tears in the cornea or muscle fibers. These surgical procedures are made possible by the introduction of microsurgical instruments.What are instruments used in microsurgery?
Microsurgical instruments are specially designed surgical tools to allow the manipulation and surgical intervention of very small bodily tissues. These include microscopic tears along muscle fibers, common among athletes, tears along mucus membranes, and repair of damaged blood vessels and nerves. These instruments are better at accessing and grasping smaller body tissues. They have a more slender design to allow ease of access through layers of larger tissues. They provide better maneuverability to allow surgeons to perform the necessary procedures.
These microsurgical instruments are generally much the same with general surgery instruments. The difference is in the size and shape. Microsurgical instruments need to have long handles to allow surgeons to have better grip as the instruments are inserted into deep body layers. The tips are slimmer than general instruments because they are inserted in tiny spaces to access the microscopic structures.What are the basic microsurgical instruments?
All surgeries require the same basic types of instruments. Microsurgery does, too. To perform microscopic surgical procedures on tiny body tissues, surgeons need to have basic tools. A few are added to the list depending on the requirements of each surgical case. Basic microsurgical instruments include microscope, forceps, vascular clamps and dilators, cutting tools, and sutures.
A microscope is indispensable. It allows the magnification of tiny body structures. Better visualization allows for better and more successful surgical procedure on these tiny tissues. Without microscopes, the surgeon will have nearly impossible chance to perform the small but crucial surgical procedure.
Forceps are the basic microsurgical instruments that allow for the handling of tissues. Larger tissues can be lifted away from the surgical site for better examination of underlying tissues and more room for procedures. They can be used to grasp ends of tissues while being cut or sewn back. Forceps can also be used to grasp the sutures. An important type of forceps is the micro mosquito.
Vascular clamps and dilators are also important microsurgical instruments. They are used to clamp “bleeders”, or damaged blood vessels. They can be used to temporary impede blood flow to prevent blood from spurting. Vessel dilators are used for temporarily enlarging the lumen of blood vessels that are being sutured back together.
Surgeries are traumatic procedures. It involves cutting of tissues and tissue layers. In microsurgery, the cutters can be a very small surgical scissor with a slim tip for precision or a very fine blade. Sutures and needles are also important for repair, reanastomose and for closing up wounds. Sutures in microsurgical instruments have smaller gauge to effectively close up wounds without much damage to the tissues.